Thursday, June 20, 2013

Android AlarmManager Example

Learn Android

AlarmManager

Many a times we want some task to be performed at some later time in future.
For Example: In SMS Scheduler we want a SMS to be send at some later time, or Task Reminder in which we want to be reminded  about a task at a particular time, to implement all these things we use AlramManager class.

AlarmManager class provides access to the system alarm services. These allow you to schedule your application to be run at some point in the future. When an alarm goes off, the Intent that had been registered for it is broadcast by the system, automatically starting the target application if it is not already running. Registered alarms are retained while the device is asleep (and can optionally wake the device up if they go off during that time), but will be cleared if it is turned off and rebooted. 

                 The Alarm Manager holds a CPU wake lock as long as the alarm receiver's onReceive() method is executing. This guarantees that the phone will not sleep until you have finished handling the broadcast. Once onReceive() returns, the Alarm Manager releases this wake lock. This means that the phone will in some cases sleep as soon as your onReceive() method completes. If your alarm receiver called Context.startService(), it is possible that the phone will sleep before the requested service is launched. To prevent this, your BroadcastReceiver and Service will need to implement a separate wake lock policy to ensure that the phone continues running until the service becomes available.


AlarmManager Example

In the example I will schedule an alarm to send SMS at a particular time in future.
We have two classes
1: MainAcitvity: in this class, we will schedule the alarm to be triggered at particular time .
2: AlarmReciever: when the alarm triggers at scheduled time , this class will receive the alarm, and send the SMS.

AlarmReciever class extends BroadcastReceiver and overrides onRecieve() method.


Permission Required
we need <uses-permission android:name="com.android.alarm.permission.SET_ALARM"/>  permission to use the AlarmManger in our application, so do not forget to declare the permission in manifest file

AndroidManifest file

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.learnandroideasily.blogspot"
    android:versionCode="1"
    android:versionName="1.0" >

            <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="8"
                             android:targetSdkVersion="17" />
             <!-- permission required to use Alarm Manager -->
            <uses-permission android:name="com.android.alarm.permission.SET_ALARM"/>
            <!-- permission required to Send SMS -->
            <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SEND_SMS"/>
   
            <application
                     android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
                     android:label="Demo App" >
                    <activity
                               android:name=".MainActivity"
                               android:label="Demo App" >
                              <intent-filter>
                                           <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                                           <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
                              </intent-filter>
                   </activity>
               <!-- Register the Alarm Receiver -->
                   <receiver android:name=".AlarmReciever"/>
           
         </application>
</manifest>





main.xml





<LinearLayout
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:gravity="center_vertical"
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView1"
        android:gravity="center_horizontal"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Alarm Manager Example"
        android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceLarge" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_marginTop="25dp"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Schedule The Alarm"
        android:onClick="scheduleAlarm"/>

</LinearLayout>



MainActivity.java






public class MainActivity extends Activity
{

       @Override
       public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
      {
                super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
                setContentView(R.layout.main);

      }

    public void scheduleAlarm(View V)
    {
            // time at which alarm will be scheduled here alarm is scheduled at 1 day from current time, 

            // we fetch  the current time in milliseconds and added 1 day time
            // i.e. 24*60*60*1000= 86,400,000   milliseconds in a day       
            Long time = new GregorianCalendar().getTimeInMillis()+24*60*60*1000;


            // create an Intent and set the class which will execute when Alarm triggers, here we have

            // given AlarmReciever in the Intent, the onRecieve() method of this class will execute when
            // alarm triggers and 
            //we will write the code to send SMS inside onRecieve() method pf Alarmreciever class
            Intent intentAlarm = new Intent(this, AlarmReciever.class);
      
            // create the AlarmManager object

            AlarmManager alarmManager = (AlarmManager) getSystemService(Context.ALARM_SERVICE);


            //set the alarm for particular time
            alarmManager.set(AlarmManager.RTC_WAKEUP,time, PendingIntent.getBroadcast(this,1,  intentAlarm, PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT));
            Toast.makeText(this, "Alarm Scheduled for Tommrrow", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        
    }

}

AlarmReciever.java







public class AlarmReciever extends BroadcastReceiver
{
         @Override
            public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent)
            {
                    // TODO Auto-generated method stub
               
                   
                    String phoneNumberReciver="9718202185";// phone number to which SMS to be send
                    String message="Hi I will be there later, See You soon";// message to send

                    SmsManager sms = SmsManager.getDefault();
                    sms.sendTextMessage(phoneNumberReciver, null, message, null, null);

                    // Show the toast  like in above screen shot
                    Toast.makeText(context, "Alarm Triggered and SMS Sent", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                  
               
             }
      

}



 

 

Advance Android Topics


                   Customizing Toast In Android 
                   Showing Toast for Longer Time
                   Customizing the Display Time of Toast
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More Android Topics:



Android : Introduction


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                     Configuring Eclipse for Android Development

          Begging With Android

                     Creating Your First Android Project
                     Understanding Android Manifest File of your android app


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                          Working with Linear Layout (With Example)
                                Nested Linear Layout (With Example)
                          Table Layout
                          Frame Layout(With Example)
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                     Sending Data from One Activity to Other in Android
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