Saturday, August 24, 2013

Android Custom Adapter Example

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Populate ListView with Custom Adapter

ListView can be populated by ArrayAdapter, Database, ArrayList etc
In this post I will describe how to populate ListView using a Custom Adapter.

Have a look at my previous post
Populating ListView with Database
Populating ListView with ArrayList

ListView with Custom Adapter Example


In this example I have created a listView  and populated it with Custom Adapter.
Each of the ListView item contain two views
TextView SMS Sender : to show SMS Sender Number
TextView SMSBody : to show the SMS Body/content

Here the ListView shows the all the SMSes with Sender Number and SMSBody.

What we need to do ..
Create a Custom Adapter
and add/set  the adapter to ListView.

Add the following permission in your manifest file to read the SMS..
   <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_SMS"/>
   <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_SMS"/>


listview_activity_main.xml


<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:background="#D1FFFF"
    android:orientation="vertical">
   
   
    <ListView
        android:id="@+id/listViewSMS"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="fill_parent"
        android:dividerHeight="0.1dp"
        android:divider="#0000CC"
        >
    </ListView>
   
  </LinearLayout>



listview_each_item.xml


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textViewSMSSender"
        android:paddingLeft="2dp"
        android:textSize="20dp"
        android:textStyle="bold"
        android:textColor="#0000FF"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="TextView" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textViewMessageBody"
        android:paddingLeft="5dp"
        android:textColor="#5C002E"
        android:textSize="17dp"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="TextView" />

</LinearLayout>
   
  </LinearLayout>





ListViewMainActivity.java



public class ListViewMainActivity extends Activity
{
            ListView listViewSMS;
            Cursor cursor;
            SMSListAdapter smsListAdapter;
            Context context;
            @Override
            protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
            {
                    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
                    setContentView(R.layout.listview_activity_main);
                   
                    context=this;
                    listViewSMS=(ListView)findViewById(R.id.listViewSMS);

                    cursor = getContentResolver().query(Uri.parse("content://sms/inbox"), null, null, null, null);
                   
                    // Create the Adapter
                    smsListAdapter=new SMSListAdapter(this,cursor);
                   
                    // Set The Adapter to ListView
                    listViewSMS.setAdapter(smsListAdapter);
                    

                    // to handle click event on listView item
                    listViewSMS.setOnItemClickListener(new OnItemClickListener()
                    {
                            public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> arg0, View v,int position, long arg3)
                            {
                                // when user clicks on ListView Item , onItemClick is called
                                // with position and View of the item which is clicked
                                // we can use the position parameter to get index of clicked item

                                TextView textViewSMSSender=(TextView)v.findViewById(R.id.textViewSMSSender);
                                TextView textViewSMSBody=(TextView)v.findViewById(R.id.textViewMessageBody);
                                String smsSender=textViewSMSSender.getText().toString();
                                String smsBody=textViewSMSBody.getText().toString();
                               
                                // Show The Dialog with Selected SMS
                                AlertDialog dialog = new AlertDialog.Builder(context).create();
                                dialog.setTitle("SMS From : "+smsSender);
                                dialog.setIcon(android.R.drawable.ic_dialog_info);
                                dialog.setMessage(smsBody);
                                dialog.setButton(DialogInterface.BUTTON_POSITIVE, "OK",
                                        new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                                    public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which)
                                    {
                                   
                                            dialog.dismiss();
                                            return;
                                }   
                                });
                                dialog.show();
                            }
                        });
       
            }
}



SMSListAdapter.java : The Custom Adapter


public class SMSListAdapter  extends BaseAdapter
{
   
    private Context mContext;
    Cursor cursor;
    public SMSListAdapter(Context context,Cursor cur)
    {
            super();
            mContext=context;
            cursor=cur;
          
    }
      
    public int getCount()
    {
        // return the number of records in cursor
        return cursor.getCount();
    }

    // getView method is called for each item of ListView
    public View getView(int position,  View view, ViewGroup parent)
    {
                    // inflate the layout for each item of listView
                    LayoutInflater inflater = (LayoutInflater) mContext.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
                    view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.listview_each_item, null);
           
                    // move the cursor to required position
                    cursor.moveToPosition(position);
                   
                    // fetch the sender number and sms body from cursor
                    String senderNumber=cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex("address"));
                    String smsBody=cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex("body"));
                  
                    // get the reference of textViews
                    TextView textViewConatctNumber=(TextView)view.findViewById(R.id.textViewSMSSender);
                    TextView textViewSMSBody=(TextView)view.findViewById(R.id.textViewMessageBody);
                   
                    // Set the Sender number and smsBody to respective TextViews
                    textViewConatctNumber.setText(senderNumber);
                    textViewSMSBody.setText(smsBody);
                   
       
                    return view;
    }

    public Object getItem(int position) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return position;
    }

    public long getItemId(int position) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return position;
    }
}

ListView with Custom Adapter


 

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